With every passing year, more medical students are seeking their career in the growing field of internal medicine. But what do everyday patients know about internal medicine? People generally self-refer themselves to specialists without knowing what all the different specialties are, they may end up affecting their health, time, and money.
To get started in the right direction, you need to be able to find the type of doctor that is right for your condition or symptom. In this post, we’ll break down what internal medicine is and explain its ten major subspecialties to improve your understanding of internal medicine.
Doctors of Internal Medicine, known as internists, are well educated and trained to provide nonsurgical healthcare services to adults 18 years or older. They work closely with the patients to provide comprehensive care including preventative screenings and medicine services, physical examinations, treatment of acute problems, as well as monitoring and treatment of chronic diseases.
Internal medicine typically falls into the following ten well-recognized subspecialties.
- Cardiology – Cardiologists focus on treating patients who have had heart attacks or facing a condition called Congestive Heart Failure (CHF).
- Pulmonology – Pulmonologists focus on conditions related to lungs like asthma, and chronic bronchitis. They also treat sleeping problems related to breathing.
- Hepatology – Patients with chronic or severe liver conditions are generally treated by hepatologists. They see patients who have liver failure, need a liver transplant or having conditions like hepatite A, B or C.
- Nephrology – Nephrologists treat the patients who have partial kidney damage and kidney failure. While Urologists also see patients with different types of kidney problems like kidney stones, Nephrologists manage the dialysis.
- Immunology – Immunologists perform allergy tests to find what people may be allergic to and administer allergy shots to make their allergies less severe.
- Geriatrics – Older adults of age 80 and above are often treated by Geriatricians. They help people with dementia in coordinating the medications that the elderly take to maintain their quality of life.
- Endocrinology – Diseases related to thyroid glands, diabetes, and other hormone conditions are handled by Endocrinologists.
- Hematology – Patients with blood disorders like anemia and frequent type of cancers are diagnosed and treated by Hematologists.
- Gastroenterology – Gastroenterologists or GI doctors see the patients having problems related to the digestive system like severe or chronic heartburn, stomach pain, diarrhea, and indigestion.
- Infectious Disease – Infectious disease doctors treat both chronic and severe infections including skin infections and bone infections.
These subspecialties help you identify the right type of care you need for your specific medical conditions. If you need medical aid and are looking for the right doctor of internal medicine in Brooklyn, New York contact Artisans of Medicine. Our well qualified and experienced internal medicine doctors are dedicated to providing you comprehensive care.