You may have had all your basic vaccinations when you were a kid. But vaccines aren’t just for children. Immunizations successfully protect children from serious and sometimes deadly diseases. However, protection from certain childhood vaccines can wear off over time. That’s why there are several immunizations that all adults need to stay healthy and prevent serious health complications.
In a time when traveling across the world becomes very simple and fast, there is no surprise to see just how easy the diseases can travel too. If you skip certain vaccines, you may be at risk for vaccine-preventable diseases due to factors like your age, lifestyle, travel, job, and health conditions. This could eventually result in low heath, high medical bills, and inefficiency to take care of your family.
Every year, vaccine-preventable diseases account for 50,000 to 90,000 adult deaths in the U.S. However, the good news is that you’re never too old to get vaccines. In fact, sticking to a vaccination schedule with age gives you long-term health. But, how vaccinations work?
A weakened version of the virus is injected into the body. In response, the body creates antibiotics to fight the disease. If the body gets exposed to the disease in the future, the antibodies become capable of fighting it effectively.
Wondering which immunization do you need? Your family medicine doctor will determine the vaccines you should plan to get based on your age, lifestyle, and risk factors. Meanwhile, keep yourself abreast of these six of the most common adult vaccines.
Everyone six months of age and older should get seasonal flu (influenza) shot at the family practice center. It is especially important for people with chronic health conditions, older adults, and pregnant women. It reduces the risk of having the flu and its level of severity. It also powers against sickness and death from influenza.
Be sure to get flu vaccination annually, preferably before flu season begins in late fall. If you are allergic to egg protein, have had Guillain-Barre syndrome or are currently sick, consult your family care doctor about getting this immunization.
If you didn’t receive Tdap vaccine as an adolescent, you must have it as it protects you from tetanus, diphtheria, and pertussis (whooping cough). Everyone should have Td (tetanus and diphtheria) booster shot every 10 years throughout adulthood or at the time when exposed to severe burn or wound.
In addition, women should get the Tdap vaccination during each pregnancy, preferably at 27 through 36 weeks. If you are allergic to Tdap, you may need to see your family physician.
Around 1 of every 3 people in the United States will develop Shingles in their lifetime. The disease causes a rash and postherpetic neuralgia (severe pain) in the body parts where the rash appeared. The shot reduces its severity and the risk of developing ongoing nerve pain.
Your risk of shingles rises as you grow older. So adults who are 50 or older should get the vaccination. You may also have shingles vaccine if you’ve already had this disease or had chickenpox.
This immunization protects against the human papillomaviruses infection which causes cervical, vaginal and vulvar cancers in women, and penile cancers in men. It can also lead to anal cancer, genital warts, and throat cancer.
While HPV vaccination is recommended for girls and boys ages 11 or 12, women below 26 years of age and men who aren’t yet 21 can still get it. Transgender individuals can get vaccines until they are 26. Your family doctor will give the HPV vaccine in three doses, the second shot a month or two after the first, and the third one six months after the opener.
Having an infection with this bacterium can make you vulnerable to pneumonia, blood infection, meningitis and other infections which can lead to death. Your family practitioner will recommend you to get 2 vaccines; PVC (pneumococcal conjugate vaccine) at age 65 followed by a shot of PPSV23 (pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine) at least one year later.
Those who are active smoker and lives with chronic health conditions like heart disease, diabetes, asthma, etc, should also consider it after turning 19.
Hepatitis A & B Vaccine
The vaccine protects adults for at least 25 years from these two viruses that cause some serious liver infections. The hepatitis A vaccine takes 2 doses, 6 months apart. The hepatitis B and the combination come in 3 shots.
Anyone can get hepatitis vaccines, but it is critical for travelers, healthcare workers, transgenders, and those who use illegal drugs or have chronic liver disease.
In addition to these essential immunizations for adults, you may need to get MMR (measles, mumps, rubella) and chickenpox vaccines. Don’t leave yourself vulnerable to life-threatening diseases and infections. Visit the Artisans of Medicine, the best family practice center in Brooklyn today! Consult our family care doctors to make sure that you get the vaccines that are right for you.