There are a range of conditions that can affect your heart including blood vessel diseases, heart defects you are born with, and heart rhythm issues, among others. Cardiology is the branch of internal medicine that deals with the diagnosis and treatment of the disorders of the blood vessels and the heart. The cardiovascular system, which consists of the heart, veins, arteries, and capillaries, supplies blood to the body.
The heart conditions that can lead to heart attack, stroke or chest pain are considered cardiovascular diseases. There are different types of cardiovascular diseases, some of which are life-threatening conditions. The symptoms may vary, based on the gender and the specific type of disease a patient has. However, the typical symptoms that can indicate a cardiovascular issue include:
- Chest pain or pressure, also known as angina
- Shortness of breath or dyspnea
- Pain, numbness or discomfort in the arms, legs or shoulders
- Fatigue and nausea
- Cold sweat
How to Diagnose Cardiovascular Diseases?
Your interventional cardiologist will review your medical history and perform a physical exam to diagnose cardiovascular disease. A variety of tests include:
- Echocardiogram – This is a non-invasive examination method that includes an ultrasound test. It gives your doctor a close picture of your heart’s function and structure to show how well your heart is working.
- Holter Monitoring – Holter monitor is a heart rate monitor device that is stuck on to the chest of the patient for 24 to 48 hours to record a continuous electrocardiogram (ECG). It records the heart rhythm and allows the cardiologist to get an extended view of your heart’s activities.
- Stress Test – This type of test measures the performance and limitations of the heart. The exam is performed when you are exercising to observe the changes in heart rhythm and how your heart responds.
- Cardiac Diagnostic Imaging – This cardiac diagnostic procedure includes a cardiac CT scan, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the heart, and nuclear imaging tests.
- Angiograms – In this invasive method, a small tube is inserted into the heart through arteries and capillaries. It can take detailed X-ray images and help the cardiologist to check the functioning of the heart.
After detecting your heart condition, your doctor will provide the right treatment which typically includes lifestyle adaptations, medications, surgery or cardiac rehabilitation. If you believe that you may be experiencing symptoms related to heart diseases and looking for the best doctors of cardiology medicine in Brooklyn NYC, make an appointment with Artisans of Medicine today! Our cardiologists are specially trained to provide preventative cardiac care and handle the diagnosis and treatment of patients with cardiac disorders.