Endoscopy is a non-surgical procedure performed by primary care physicians or gastroenterology specialists (gastroenterologists) to view the inside of a person’s body. Endoscopy was originally used to examine a person’s digestive tract, stomach, and colon. Doctors now use this diagnostic procedure to look for the diseases of the ear, throat, joints, nose, heart, abdomen, and urinary tract.
Wondering what is an endoscopy? Well, an endoscopy is the insertion of a long, thin tube directly into the body along with a powerful light and tiny camera attached to it. The primary care doctors insert an instrument called endoscopy inside the body to observe an internal organ or tissue as well as to carry out imaging and minor surgery. Endoscopes are minimally invasive and can be inserted into the anus or mouth. They can be inserted in the knee or abdomen.
In this post, we’ll explain the needs and some of the types of endoscopy, how they are performed, the potential risks, and the recovery process.
Why Do You Need an Endoscopy?
Primary physicians often recommend endoscopy for various reasons, some of which include:
- Screening for and preventing cancer using a colonoscopy, a type of endoscopy. During the procedure, your doctor may remove polyps that could develop into cancer.
- Diagnosing a disease or the cause of symptoms for stomach pain, changes in bowel habits, ulcers, gastritis, growths in the colon, digestive tract bleeding, etc.
- Providing treatments including laparoscopic surgery, photodynamic therapy, microwave ablation, laser therapy for cancer, and endoscopic mucosal resection or submucosal dissection.
Types of Endoscopy
Endoscopy is useful for investigating, confirming and treating areas inside the human body. Some of the types of endoscopy are as follows:
- Arthroscopy – To examine joints by inserting arthroscope through a small incision over the area.
- Bronchoscopy – To view the lower respiratory tract and bronchi of the lungs through the mouth.
- Colonoscopy – To diagnose the entire length of the colon and large intestine through anus.
- Sigmoidoscopy – To check the bottom part of the colon via the anus.
- Esophagogastroduodenoscopy – To inspect the esophagus, stomach, and duodenum (beginning of the small intestine) through the mouth.
- Colposcopy – To examine female reproductive tract by inserting a speculum into the vagina and colposcope is placed at the opening of the vagina but does not enter it.
- Cystoscopy – To diagnose urinary tract (inside of the bladder) through the urethra.
- Laparoscopy – To view the abdominal or pelvic cavity through a small surgical opening in the abdomen.
- Neuroendoscopy – To check areas of the brain through a small incision in the skull close to the area to be viewed.
- Thoracoscopy – To test organs of the chest including the heart and the lungs via a small surgical opening in the chest.
How Do You Get Prepare for Endoscopy?
Your primary care doctor will provide detailed instructions on how to prepare for the procedure. For many types of endoscopy, you may need to take the following steps.
- Stop eating or drinking anything for several hours before the procedure.
- For investing the colon, laxatives may be given on the day before the procedure to clear the system.
- Ask your doctor about the medications and supplements you may need to stop and for how long.
- For most examination with an endoscopy, a sedative is administered via an injection into the vein to increase the comfort of the individual undergoing the diagnosis.
What to Expect Before, During & After the Procedure?
There are three main reasons for performing endoscopy: investigation, confirmation of the disease, and the treatment. Before the procedure, your primary care physician will discuss the procedures or tests, and the associated benefits and complications. Depending on the type of endoscopy, you will probably be given a sedative, which is administered via an injection into the vein.
During your procedure, your primary care doctor will constantly monitor your heart rate, body pressure, and temperature. Your doctor will record the images from the flexible video endoscope and may also collect tissue for testing.
After the procedure, you will be monitored by a well-qualified individual in the endoscopy room or a recovery area until the sedation effects wear off. Your recovery depends on the type of procedure. Your doctor will instruct when to resume your work and usual diet.
Risk & Side Effects
Endoscopy is a safe procedure with rare complications and risk factors. However, endoscopy may occasionally cause dry or sore throat, bloating and other mild side effects that are transient. There are certain risks involved depending on the area that is being examined. Talk to your primary physician for any unusual signs and symptoms.
If you are looking for the best primary care doctors in Brooklyn, New York to get an endoscopy for diagnosing the problem to get the right treatment, visit Artisans of Medicine today! Our team of well-qualified and experienced primary care physicians will identify the problem with an advanced endoscopic procedure and provide the treatment that is best for you.